Learning to Skateboard – The Parts of a Skateboard

A basic step in learning how to skateboard is knowing the parts of your skateboard. Learning all the separate skateboard parts is easy. Use this guide to learn the names of each part, the function and where to place each part while building your complete skateboard and get ready to rip!


Learning The Parts of a Skateboard

Learn the parts of a skateboard

1. Mounting bolts.

Used to mount the trucks to the deck and otherwise known as hardware. There are eight total, four for each truck.


2. Griptape.

One side of the griptape is adhesive backed and sticks to the board. The other side feels like a medium grade sandpaper (this helps your feet stick to the board and not slip off while you skate!).


3. Skateboard deck.

The wooden platform that you stand on, the bottom side of the deck usually has painted graphics. Read more about skateboard decks


4. Riser pads.

Made of rubber. Two total, one for each truck. These are used in order to add a little height between the wheels and the deck to avoid the two from touching while in a tight turn or hard landing and to separate the metal of the truck from the wood of the deck. Think shock absorption.


5. Trucks.

The metal axle that you mount your wheels to. Trucks consist of a baseplate, axle and a kingpin and bushing hold everything together while allowing the axle to tilt for turning. More information on skateboard trucks here


6. Wheels.

Skateboard wheels come in a large variety of sizes, colors, designs and materials, some wheels are made of harder materials and others are softer. More information on skateboard wheels


7. Spacers.

A small piece of metal used to separate bearings at a fixed width. The first bearing is put into the wheel, then the space in the middle, then the second bearing is put into the wheel (spaced in the middle). Trucks normally come with spacers.


8. Bearings.

Two for each wheel. Ball bearings allow the wheels to spin. Click here for more information on skateboard bearings


9. Nuts.

The nut goes on the end of the axle, holding the bearings, spacer and wheel in place. Make sure that you use the locking kind or they will come loose after skating for awhile. All decent trucks will already come with locking nuts so no need to worry.

For more in-depth information on each skateboard part, check out the details. More info on accessories like custom skate shoes here.

Learning to Skateboard - The Parts of a Skateboard by


  1. Newbie says

    I am interested in skateboarding and would appreciate any tips or info you could give me before I start. I can’t ride but i’m trying to go straight, turn, and pick up my board with my feet. Best Regards, Newbie.

  2. john says

    I’ve recieved a skateboard from someone and the Board is quite new. But it has 2 metal pieces on both of the side, approx. few cm to the end. And the board is completely flat. Not like the one which is bend on sides. What is that metal piece? and what kind of skateboard this is? I am interseted in skateboarding but when i tried my feet stucks into one of the metal piece.
    Thank you very much to all.

    • says

      Hi John,

      From what you’ve described it may be some type of longboard or something homemade. Send us a pic!

      For street skating you will need a different setup, but you may be able to sell this board in order to get the funds!

  3. Zen says

    I am a newbie at this. I would LOVE to learn. I am a really big fan of Ryan Sheckler and Leticia Bufoni. But I never really tried to skate till now. A friend of mine kind of inspired me to start skating. And I know some stuff but not a lot so I am kind of aftaid to ask him for help. When k try I look so stupid. Is there any way I can get help?

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